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Architecture is sometimes defined as the art and science of designing physical spaces. Frank Lloyd Wright said more poetically that

The mission of an architect is to help people understand how to make life more beautiful, the world a better one for living in, and to give reason, rhyme, and meaning to life.

While buildings are static, people are dynamic; guiding the flows of matter and attention in physical spaces are very much the concern of an architect, both of physical and virtual spaces. This webpage is a place for collecting notes about the mechanics of metauni as they evolve. It is intended to be a practical document: as a designer of virtual spaces, what are best practices for making them beautiful and useful?

Some background knowledge about how lectures in metauni work: players walk their character from the spawn point in the world to a set of boards and

Video is overrated

In Zoom the feeling of co-presence is based on being able to see other people’s faces. This is better than lecturing to a blank screen, but it is also exhausting. In a 3D environment you get a sense of other people paying attention to what is going on, without having to constantly see their faces and your own.


When unexpected things happen (red bouncy chairs, people abducting you in a floating boat, personal board climbing, etc) and they are fun, it reinforces a sense of shared experience and refills our “I want to be here” tank for a while. It seems that for virtual events to work, this mix of “serious” content and play needs to be carefully managed to keep these tanks nonempty.

The ability to manifest your own will, creatively, in a shared space makes it feel real. This feeling of reality buttresses the rest of the experience. Creative acts range from the individual and simple (demonstrating your attention by following the speaker between boards, or saying “thanks” to the speaker by writing it in fancy colours on your personal board) to the social and complex (see the Pillars Incident).

Screen Shot 2022-07-21 at 7 31 50 am copy

The problem is that passively watching a lecture does not quite light up enough different parts of the brain for focus to flow naturally

Antics give a way of distracting some part of your mind that is itching to do something, in a way that isn’t disruptive (and actually is in some strange way constructive) and is sufficiently in-context that the other part of your mind can continue to focus.


The illusion of being physically present in a virtual space is a powerful tool. It is desirable to have regular prompts to “re-enter” the illusion of being physically present. E.g. the boards come in sets, and we have developed a habit of exiting orbcam to move our character to the next set of boards and then re-entering orbcam. It’s not a coincidence I think that the board climbing in the screenshot started shortly after one of those transitions - it’s almost an invitation to engage your brain for a bit in the illusion of moving around.